The Dead Sea Scrolls reading answers

The Dead Sea Scrolls reading answers

 The Dead Sea Scrolls reading answers

The Dead Sea Scrolls reading answers
The Dead Sea Scrolls reading answers

In late 1946 or early 1947, three Bedouin teenagers were tending their goats and sheep near the ancient settlement of Qumran, located on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea in what is now known as the West Bank. One of these young shepherds tossed a rock into an opening on the side of a cliff and was surprised to hear a shattering sound. He and his companions later entered the cave and stumbled across a collection of large clay jars, seven of which contained scrolls with writing on them. The teenagers took the seven scrolls to a nearby town where they were sold for a small sum to a local antiquities dealer. Word of the find spread, and Bedouins and archaeologists eventually unearthed tens of thousands of additional scroll fragments from 10 nearby caves; together they make up between 800 and 900 manuscripts. It soon became clear that this was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries ever made.

The Dead Sea Scrolls IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation

The Dead Sea Scrolls test IELTS Reading Academic test passage 1 from Cambridge IELTS 17 Reading test 2


Most difficult vocabulary with meaning

BedouinNomadic people of the Arabian Peninsula
AntiquitiesOld or ancient items or artifacts of historical or cultural significance
PrevailingMost common or widespread
SectA group of people who follow a particular religious, philosophical or political belief
InhabitedLived in
SiegeA military operation in which enemy forces surround a town or building with the aim of conquering it
TendingCaring for or looking after
SettlementA place where people live
Antiquities dealerA person who sells or deals with old or ancient items
UnearthTo discover or find something hidden or buried
ManuscriptsHandwritten copies of books or documents
ScholaryOf or relating to scholars or scholarship
DebateA discussion or argument about a particular topic
TheoryA set of ideas or principles intended to explain something
PopulationThe number of people living in a particular place
TroopsA large group of soldiers
JudeaAn ancient region in the Middle East that is now part of modern-day Israel and the West Bank
DevoutHaving or showing deep religious feeling or commitment
HebrewA Semitic language spoken by the Jewish people
AlphabetA set of letters or symbols used to write a language
AramaicAn ancient Semitic language spoken in the Middle East
TranslationsThe process of changing a text from one language to another
BibleA collection of religious texts central to the Christian and Jewish religions
Fragmentssmall pieces or parts of a larger whole
Manuscriptshandwritten copies of documents or texts
Qumranan archaeological site near the Dead Sea in Israel where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered
Parchmenta material made from animal skin that was used for writing in the ancient world
Papyrusan early form of paper made from the stem of a water plant
Copper Scrolla unique Dead Sea Scroll made of copper and tin that lists underground caches of gold and silver
Vocabularythe words used in a particular language or subject
Spellingthe way words are written using letters and other symbols
Hoardslarge collections of valuable items
Hypothesestheories or ideas that are still being tested and may or may not be proven
Pillagedplundered or robbed
Judeaan ancient region of the eastern Mediterranean
Richeswealth or valuable possessions
Interpretedtranslated or deciphered
Parchmenta material made from animal skin that was used for writing in the ancient world
Band of coded texta strip of text that is written in code and must be deciphered
364-day calendara calendar with 364 days in a year instead of the standard 365 days
Religious eventsfestivals or celebrations that are associated with a particular religion
Untranslatednot yet translated into a different language or deciphered.

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