The Dead Sea Scrolls reading answers The Dead Sea Scrolls reading answers
In late 1946 or early 1947, three Bedouin teenagers were tending their goats and sheep near the ancient settlement of Qumran, located on the northwest shore of the Dead Sea in what is now known as the West Bank. One of these young shepherds tossed a rock into an opening on the side of a cliff and was surprised to hear a shattering sound. He and his companions later entered the cave and stumbled across a collection of large clay jars, seven of which contained scrolls with writing on them. The teenagers took the seven scrolls to a nearby town where they were sold for a small sum to a local antiquities dealer. Word of the find spread, and Bedouins and archaeologists eventually unearthed tens of thousands of additional scroll fragments from 10 nearby caves; together they make up between 800 and 900 manuscripts. It soon became clear that this was one of the greatest archaeological discoveries ever made.
The Dead Sea Scrolls IELTS Reading Answers with Explanation “ IELTS Reading Academic test passage 1 from The Dead Sea Scrolls test“ Cambridge IELTS 17 Reading test 2
Questions Answers 1 rock 2 cave 3 clay 4 Essenes 5 Hebrew 6 NOT GIVEN 7 FALSE 8 TRUE 9 TRUE 10 FALSE 11 FALSE 12 TRUE 13 NOT GIVEN Most difficult vocabulary with meaning
Vocabulary Meaning Bedouin Nomadic people of the Arabian Peninsula Antiquities Old or ancient items or artifacts of historical or cultural significance Prevailing Most common or widespread Sect A group of people who follow a particular religious, philosophical or political belief Inhabited Lived in Siege A military operation in which enemy forces surround a town or building with the aim of conquering it Tending Caring for or looking after Settlement A place where people live Antiquities dealer A person who sells or deals with old or ancient items Unearth To discover or find something hidden or buried Manuscripts Handwritten copies of books or documents Scholary Of or relating to scholars or scholarship Debate A discussion or argument about a particular topic Theory A set of ideas or principles intended to explain something Population The number of people living in a particular place Troops A large group of soldiers Judea An ancient region in the Middle East that is now part of modern-day Israel and the West Bank Devout Having or showing deep religious feeling or commitment Hebrew A Semitic language spoken by the Jewish people Alphabet A set of letters or symbols used to write a language Aramaic An ancient Semitic language spoken in the Middle East Translations The process of changing a text from one language to another Bible A collection of religious texts central to the Christian and Jewish religions
Word Meaning Fragments small pieces or parts of a larger whole Manuscripts handwritten copies of documents or texts Qumran an archaeological site near the Dead Sea in Israel where the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered Parchment a material made from animal skin that was used for writing in the ancient world Papyrus an early form of paper made from the stem of a water plant Copper Scroll a unique Dead Sea Scroll made of copper and tin that lists underground caches of gold and silver Vocabulary the words used in a particular language or subject Spelling the way words are written using letters and other symbols Hoards large collections of valuable items Hypotheses theories or ideas that are still being tested and may or may not be proven Pillaged plundered or robbed Judea an ancient region of the eastern Mediterranean Riches wealth or valuable possessions Interpreted translated or deciphered Parchment a material made from animal skin that was used for writing in the ancient world Band of coded text a strip of text that is written in code and must be deciphered 364-day calendar a calendar with 364 days in a year instead of the standard 365 days Religious events festivals or celebrations that are associated with a particular religion Untranslated not yet translated into a different language or deciphered.